07/06/2014 10:30 - 13:00
Find out about the development of hospitals and the emergence of professional nurses and surgeons. Kevin Brown will offer two talks:
Aspects of hospital and nursing history
In the nineteenth century the “deserving poor” could receive hospital treatment in a voluntary hospital established as a charity and dependent upon subscriptions from wealthy benefactors. The totally indigent were condemned to treatment in the poor law infirmary. The poor law infirmaries were at first attached to workhouses but later were purpose built and the best of them aspired to equal the voluntary hospitals though never quite lost the stigma attached to them even after they were taken over by local authorities before the formation of the National Health Service in 1948 introduced a unified hospital service for the first time.. In the same period that modern hospitals were developing, the status of the nurse advanced from that of a servant to a vocation or profession, through the introduction of the Nightingale system and other reform movements in nursing.
The Apprentice Barber-Surgeon to FRCS: Why is a Surgeon a Mr and not a Dr?
Compared to the high status of a university educated physician, the surgeon originally had a low status in the medical hierarchy. The surgeon served an apprenticeship and was a member of a livery company like other medieval craftsmen such as barbers. In 1540 guilds of surgeons and barbers were merged to form the Company of Barber Surgeons responsible for the licensing of surgeons to practice in London and Westminster. As the academic basis of surgery developed in the eighteenth-century, surgery became more professional and the Company of Surgeons, forerunner of today’s Royal College of Surgeons, became independent of the barbers. The Medical Registration Act of 1858 recognised the surgeon as the equal of the physician as modern medicine took its place as a profession
A half-day course with Kevin Brown.
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